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Tuesday, September 29, 2020
Politics

Why Do Migrants Nonetheless Head to the UK? – #NewsEverything #Politics

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File photo of British flag. (Reuters)

File photograph of British flag. (Reuters)

The EU’s so-called Dublin Regulation stipulates migrants should apply for asylum within the European nation the place they first arrive — most of the time Italy, Greece and Spain — and can be despatched again to that nation if present in one other member state.

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  • Final Up to date: September 17, 2020, 11:51 AM IST

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Migrants who head to the UK usually see it much less as a panacea than a last-ditch means-to-an-end, says Matthieu Tardis, an skilled in migration coverage on the French Institute of Worldwide Relations (IFRI).

Here’s a question-and-answer with the specialist:


Is the UK nonetheless an Eldorado for migrants who attain Calais in northern France?

“Some migrants in Calais have relations or a neighborhood of fellow countrymen or ladies within the UK. Then there’s the English language, which is way more broadly spoken than French.

“However within the autumn of 2016, when the primary camp was dismantled in Calais, we noticed that when adults had been provided housing and after we suspended the Dublin Regulation, a big majority stayed in France. They requested for asylum in France and plenty of bought it.”

The EU’s so-called Dublin Regulation stipulates migrants should apply for asylum within the European nation the place they first arrive — most of the time Italy, Greece and Spain — and can be despatched again to that nation if present in one other member state.

“The unhealthy circumstances they expertise in France, in Italy, in different EU international locations, pushes them to go even additional, to assume that within the UK will probably be higher.

“However usually, they do not ask for asylum there because the Dublin Regulation continues to be legitimate, so they’d be despatched again elsewhere within the EU.

“They continue to be unlawful. The economic system is way much less regulated than in France, there are extra alternatives. It is a very liberal economic system that wants labour that is not that effectively paid, and foreigners usually settle for a majority of these positions.”

Will the EU’s Dublin asylum system be maintained regardless of Brexit?

“That can be an enormous difficulty that is not about to be settled. The British submitted a proposal to the EU concerning a readmission mechanism that will permit them to proceed as with Dublin. For the second, the EU does not wish to talk about that, it is fairly a one-sided proposal.

“The UK is an island and barely the primary port of entry in Europe. In a manner, the ocean protects it, even when there are increasingly crossings.

“It’s undoubtedly simpler for the British to barter with France on this difficulty moderately than the EU, but it surely stays to be seen what France would achieve from it.

“The British may additionally unilaterally resolve that EU international locations are protected third-party international locations but when there’s a bilateral conference with France, will probably be simpler for them.”

So Brexit would have little impression on migrants wishing to cross over?

“It is in everybody’s curiosity to cooperate to keep away from tragedies. However in a manner, the British have exported their borders onto French territory, like we Europeans do in North African international locations or Turkey.

“France bought British funding to safe the tunnel entrance, the port of Calais. Is France going to proceed to barter in trade for cash? That is a chance. That is been happening for 20 years, bilateral treaties have all the time performed on that.

“What France ought to give attention to is having authorized methods for migrants to get to the UK. If there are as many crossing makes an attempt, it is as a result of coverage solely focuses on securing crossing factors.” One such authorized manner might be household reunification.


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