The Sugar Revolution, the introduction of sugar cane from Dutch Brazil, within the 1640s was extremely profitable however got here at nice social price
Barbados was one of many oldest English settlements within the West Indies, being surpassed solely by Saint Kitts.
The nations’ historic ties date again to the seventeenth century and contain settlement, post-colonialism and fashionable bilateral relations.
Since Barbados gained its independence in 1966, the nations have continued to share ties by means of the Commonwealth, with the Queen as Monarch.
The Barbadian Parliament is the third oldest in your entire Commonwealth and the island continues to follow the Westminster fashion of presidency.
Lots of the historic Anglican church buildings and plantation homes throughout the island present the affect of English structure.
In 1627, 80 Englishmen aboard the William and John landed on the Caribbean island and based Jamestown (near right this moment’s Holetown), within the identify of King James I.
The early settlers struggled to develop a worthwhile export crop and confronted difficulties in sustaining provides from Europe.
Nonetheless, the Sugar Revolution, the introduction of sugar cane from Dutch Brazil, within the 1640s was extremely profitable and over the subsequent decade greater than two thirds of English emigres to the Americas went to Barbados.
However whereas this shift to sugar yielded enormous income, it got here at an awesome social price. Hundreds of West African slaves had been shipped throughout the Atlantic to work the plantations and staff suffered from low wages and minimal social companies.
It’s estimated that between 1627 to 1807, some 387,000 Africans had been shipped to the island towards their will and the nation shifted from having a majority white inhabitants to a majority black inhabitants.
On twenty eighth August 1833, the British Authorities handed the Slavery Abolition Act, and slaves throughout the British empire had been granted emancipation.
Barbados remained a British colony till inner autonomy was granted in 1961.
The nation turned absolutely impartial on November 30, 1966, throughout a time when the nation’s economic system was increasing and diversifying.
Since then, the Barbadian Parliament has remained a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, which is modeled on the British Westminster system of presidency.
In 2008, British exports to Barbados stood at £38 million, making it Britain’s fourth-largest export market within the area.
In recent times a rising variety of British nationals have been relocating to Barbados to stay, with polls exhibiting that British nationals make up 75–85 per cent of the Barbados second residence market.