United Nations — The 2021 high-level commemoration of the United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation, organized forward of the opening of the seventy-sixth session of the United Nations Basic Meeting, offered a chance to debate Southern solidarity in assist of a extra inclusive, resilient and sustainable future whereas successfully responding to the worldwide COVID-19 disaster throughout the worldwide South.
The 2021 United Nations Day for South-South cooperation offered the chance for stakeholders to focus on concrete follow-up to the 20th session of the Excessive-level Committee on South-South Cooperation (HLC), which happened from 1 to Four June 2021 in New York.
“South-South and triangular cooperation will need to have a central place in our preparations for a powerful restoration”, says Secretary-Basic António Guterres, reminding us that “we are going to want the total contributions and cooperation of the worldwide South to construct extra resilient economies and societies and implement the Sustainable Growth Objectives”.
The Basic Meeting Excessive-level Committee (HLC) on South-South Cooperation met in June to evaluate progress made in implementing the Buenos Aires Motion Plan (BAPA+40) and different different key choices on South-South cooperation.
This HLC session thought of follow-up actions arising from earlier classes and hosted a thematic dialogue on “Accelerating the achievement of the SDGs by way of efficient implementation of the BAPA+40 final result doc whereas responding to the COVID-19 pandemic and related international crises”.
The HLC hosted 75 member states – together with a Head of State and Ministers from around the globe – in addition to 23 intergovernmental organizations, 25 UN entities, civil society and the personal sector. Greater than 400 folks participated throughout facet occasions which HLC Bureau Members took the lead in organizing on problems with significance to the South.
Deliberations centered on actions arising from the Report of the Secretary-Basic to the nineteenth session, which proposed concrete methods to reinforce the function and affect of the United Nations Workplace for South-South Cooperation, in addition to the important thing measures taken to enhance the coordination and coherence of UN assist to South-South cooperation.
When it comes to vital messages and statements, Member States highlighted that COVID-19 has taught the world that South-South growth cooperation is vital to an efficient response to emergencies.
South-South cooperation was strongly reaffirmed because the means to assist international locations’ nationwide growth priorities, alignment with the SDGs, and the acceleration of accomplishment towards the 2030 Agenda.
South-South cooperation was additionally acknowledged as an efficient method to speed up and deepen the efforts to construct again higher, more healthy, safer, extra resilient and sustainable.
It was emphasised that over the previous decade, the world has witnessed the rise within the scale, scope, and variety of approaches of South-South and triangular cooperation.
Nations of the World South have strengthened institutional capacities for cooperation by formulating and implementing nationwide growth insurance policies, methods, and businesses, and by growing info and efficiency administration programs for information gathering, experience and know-how mapping, and affect evaluation.
With the strengthening of nationwide capacities on South-South and triangular cooperation there may be alternative to gather and alternate proof of how a lot South-South and triangular cooperation is being accomplished, the way it advantages folks, and tips on how to create institutional mechanisms to assist international locations align South-South collaboration with their nationwide and regional agendas.
Because the world fights the COVID-19 pandemic and strives to construct again higher, worldwide growth organizations should supply progressive, well timed responses to stay related. This contains new types of coordination primarily based on extra “coherent” and “built-in assist” able to unleashing change on the bottom.
Historically, South-South and triangular cooperation has taken place amongst governments on bilateral phrases. As growth turns into extra dynamic in nature and unprecedented in scale, South-South and triangular cooperation is now used to supply innovation from wherever it’s.
Additionally highlighted was that South-South and triangular cooperation is more and more acknowledged as an vital complement to North-South cooperation in financing for sustainable growth.
UNOSSC will proceed to advertise, coordinate and assist South-South and triangular cooperation globally and throughout the UN system. It would additionally proceed to assist governments and the UN system to analyse and articulate evolving and rising tendencies, dynamics and alternatives in South-South cooperation.
In response to Member States requests, UNOSSC constantly demonstrates robust convening energy throughout the UN system and serves as secretariat of UN Conferences together with BAPA+40. UNOSSC has developed analysis networks on the international stage, compiling proof of fine practices in South-South cooperation towards achievement of the SDGs, and created a world community of assume tanks on South-South and triangular cooperation. UNOSSC additionally presents the South-South Galaxy platform for sharing data and brokering partnership. The Workplace additionally manages a variety of South-South cooperation belief funds and programmes.
Given UNOSSC’s mandate to assist South-South and triangular cooperation globally and throughout the UN system, the Secretary-Basic requested UNOSSC to coordinate the preparation and launch of the UN System-wide Technique on South-South and Triangulation Cooperation for Sustainable Growth with the engagement of the UN Inter-Company Mechanism for South-South and Triangular Cooperation, and different stakeholders.
The Technique’s goal is to offer a system-wide coverage orientation to UN entities with a purpose to impress a coordinated and coherent method to coverage, programmatic and partnership assist on South-South and triangular cooperation and improve affect throughout UN actions in any respect ranges: nationwide, regional and international. Implementation is ruled by every entity individually, primarily based by itself mandate and programme of labor.
UNOSSC can also be at present growing its 2022-2025 Strategic Framework. It is a chance for the Workplace to catalyze using South-South and triangular cooperation to speed up the pace and scale of motion in the direction of reaching the SDGs.
For instance, the Workplace goals to supply a platform whereby: (i) international locations of the World South can alternate data, develop capacities, and switch applied sciences to deal with their very own growth priorities in addition to coordinate and co-design options to shared growth challenges; (ii) UN businesses, packages, and funds can strengthen their assist to SSTC on the international, regional and nation ranges.
No nation is just too poor to contribute to South-South cooperation for growth, and no nation is just too wealthy to lean from the South. All companions have vital components to contribute. So, it follows that triangular cooperation is a crucial factor of our work.
The COVID-19 pandemic has laid naked extreme and systemic inequalities.
The pandemic has additionally highlighted the significance of the digital revolution. Constructing institutional capability in sub-Saharan Africa and LDCs by way of South-South and triangular cooperation is crucial for international locations to totally harness digital transformation and restoration.
Triangular cooperation is a versatile platform the place companions can mobilize totally different funding capacities in assist of growing international locations’ priorities.
Triangular cooperation calls for horizontality and shared governance authorised by all events. It’s primarily based on a transparent respect for nationwide sovereignty and the in search of of mutual profit in equal partnerships.
Restoration from pandemic requires extra assist, progressive growth options and preparations between private and non-private sectors. We should facilitate alternatives to develop growth cooperation and its processes and to enhance the effectiveness of multilateral cooperation. Fostering multi-dimensionality and multi-stakeholders approaches is the way in which ahead to reinforce growth affect.
Throughout the June HLC Member States highlighted that within the COVID and post-COVID period, the beneath precedence areas for triangular cooperation may very well be thought of: 1) well being, 2) information infrastructure, 3) manufacturing capability and provide chain for related medical materials and gear, in addition to therapy; 4) photo voltaic vitality and lowering carbon footprint; 5) a coalition for catastrophe resilient initiatives; and 6) foreign money swap preparations from worldwide monetary establishments.
Adel Abdellatif is the Director, a.i., of the United Nations Workplace for South-South Cooperation. Earlier than becoming a member of UNOSSC, he served as Deputy Director, a.i., and Senior Strategic Adviser within the Regional Bureau for Arab States of the United Nations Growth Programme (UNDP). He got here to UNDP following a two-decade profession on the Ministry of Overseas Affairs of Egypt.
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